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Male Reproductive System

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Male Reproductive System

The male reproductive system is responsible for producing and delivering sperm for reproduction. It consists of several organs and structures, each with specific functions. Here is an overview of the major components of the male reproductive system:

  1. Testes: The testes are the primary organs of the male reproductive system. They are located in the scrotum, a sac-like structure outside the body, which helps regulate the temperature of the testes. The testes produce sperm cells and also secrete testosterone, the primary male sex hormone.
  2. Epididymis: The epididymis is a coiled tube located on the surface of each testicle. It serves as a storage and maturation site for sperm. Sperm produced in the testes mature and gain the ability to swim in the epididymis.
  3. Vas Deferens: The vas deferens is a muscular tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra. During ejaculation, muscular contractions propel sperm through the vas deferens.
  4. Seminal Vesicles: The seminal vesicles are glands located behind the bladder. They produce a fluid rich in fructose, which provides energy for sperm, and other substances that nourish and support sperm survival.
  5. Prostate Gland: The prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland located below the bladder. It secretes a milky fluid that helps activate and protect sperm, forming part of semen.
  6. Bulbourethral Glands: Also known as Cowper’s glands, these small glands are located beneath the prostate gland. They secrete a clear, slippery fluid that helps lubricate the urethra and neutralize any acidic urine remnants before ejaculation.
  7. Urethra: The urethra is a tube that runs through the penis, serving as a pathway for both urine and semen. It carries urine from the bladder and transports semen during ejaculation.
  8. Penis: The penis is the external sexual organ of the male reproductive system. It consists of three main parts: the root, the body (shaft), and the glans (tip). During sexual arousal, the penis becomes erect, allowing for sexual intercourse and the deposition of semen into the female reproductive system.

The male reproductive system works in coordination with the female reproductive system during sexual intercourse to facilitate fertilization and reproduction.

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